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Fire - Air Attack

Simple precautions in the event of an Air Attack

A. On hearing the Air Raid Warning

 

 
Do's
Don'ts
If you are in open
  • Lie flat in to a fold in the ground, if available, or lie flat on the ground, with your face downwards.
  • Plug your ears with some cotton or cloth available.
  • Keep your chest slightly above the ground and rest on your elbows.
  • Keep a rolled-up handkerchief or any cloth between your teeth.

 

  • Don't run for cover if there is no time.
  • Never look up until" All Clear" signal is given.
When near a building
  • Run to take cover in the nearest shelter / building, if time permits; otherwise act as if in the open. Get off the streets.
  •  
  • Don't lean directly against a wall.
Inside a building
  • Be near in inside and not an outside wall.
  • Be preferably in the angle of two walls.
  • Never be in the direct line of a door or window.
  • Never keep a glass-pane un-protected.
When in Bus or Car
  • Leave the bus / car and act as if in the open.
 
When in Cinema
  • Remain in your seat.
  • Don't try to run.

 

B. Help yourself against Air Raids

Preparation for protection against Air Raid

  • Make sure that everybody in your family is familiar with "Air Raid" and "All Clear" signals.
  • Two minutes warbling note, or intermittent blast, on sirens or hooters will denote Air Raid Signal; while two minutes continuous hooting will denote "All Clear".
  • Dig a s1it trench, 8' x 2' and 4' deep (or of any convenient size) if there is open space near about your house. This can afford cover for 4 persons. Slit trenches should be 'Z' shaped.
  • Select an inner room preferably on the ground floor of your house to serve as a "refuge room" if there is no open space around your house.
  • Protect any window in this room against blast by putting sand or dust bags or the boxes in your house around the window. Paste sheets of paper on all glass panes in doors and windows.
  • Ventilator, if any in this room, should either be closed or protected with 1/2' arrange mesh wire netting.
  • Keep stock of drinking water, some foodstuffs, first aid equipment, a crowbar, shovel, pick and rope, an electric torch and some candles and make arrangements for sanitary facilities in the 'refuge room'.
  • Keep minimum lights on and those too properly dimmed.
  • Find out the location of the nearest first aid post and the warden's
    post.
  • Know your warden. Approach him for advice and help when necessary.
  • Join Civil Defence service as training in Civil Defence will help you and your family.

C. Fire Fighting in an Air Raid

1. Preparation before an Air Raid

Do's

  • Keep all baths, tubs etc, filled with water in accessible places.
  • Keep a few bags full of dry sand.
  • All lofts and atticks should be kept free of inflammable materials.
  • Keep all inflammable stores which are essentially required, as much dispersed as possible.
  • Get to know the firefighting arrangements of the locality and the location of the nearest firefighting post.

Don'ts

  • Don't unnecessarily block passages and staircases in your house.

 

2. Control of incendiary bombs after Air Raid

Do's

  • Immediately after the "All Clear” signal control the bomb which may have fallen in your house, your neighbours house or in the street near you, as follows:
    • Fill a sand bag 3/4 full with dry sand or earth, keep this bag in front of your eyes, go near the bomb and drop the whole sand bag on the bomb covering it from all sides. The bomb will burn out inside without causing severe
      damage.
  • Call your neighbour to help if you cannot immediately control the bomb. If there are more than one bomb, call in the fire patrol and inform the warden.

Don'ts

  • Don't deal with an incendiary bomb without protecting your eyes with dark glasses.
  • Don't direct a jet of water on the bomb.

3. Control of actual fires after Air Raid.

Do's

  • Start extinguishing the fire yourself by pouring buckets of water and sand. Call for the fire petrol if you cannot immediately extinguish it.
  • Close all doors and windows.
  • When you move about keep
    close to the wall.
  • If you must pass through flames or smoke, then crawl along the floor
  • If someone catches fire make him roll on the ground or roll him in a rug or blanket.
  • If caught within a house on fire, try to escape through the windows using a rope or bed sheets after having tied one end to some strong point inside the house.
  • In case the escape through the window etc, is not possible call for help from any opening available.

Don'ts

  • Don't wait for outside help to arrive but do your bit immediately.
  • Don't forget to ask for reinforcement for fighting a fire before the fire gets out of control.
  • Don't shirk your responsibility to your neighbour whose house is on fire, or you may find yourself without help when similarly placed.
  • Do not go alone into a building on fire if you can do so in the company of another.

Incase of Fire

Do's

  • Shout Fire : Fire"
  • At night rouse all occupants of the building and get them out of the building.
  • Attack the fire immediately if it is possible to do so without endangering personal safety
  • Keep all doors and windows Closed.
  • Leave the building Quickly and quietly by the nearest route, unless_ you have been given individual responsibility.
  • Keep the door of the room closed and go . to the window if trapped in a fire
  • Remember if you are caught in a smoke filled corridor, it may still be possible to escape by crawling on hands and knees.
  • Throw out bedding or other similar material if you must jump. That will help to break your fall.
  • Remember, if you hang at arms length from the window sill, this will reduce the height of your fall
  • Make sure you know the Telephone number and location of your nearest Fire Station.
  • Give the correct address of fire, in clear words while calling the Fire Brigade.

Don'ts

  • Do not panic.
  • Do not neglect sleeping
    Children and old and invalid ' persons white evacuating a building on fire.
  • Do not delay to call the Brigade if the fire cannot be controlled easily
  • Do not leave the doors and windows of any room open.
  • Do not shout or stampede.
  • Don't jump out of an upper floor window unless there is no other way. If you must jump follow the instructions given at (ix) and (x) under Do’s
  • Don not rush into a smoke logged room/ corridor standing.
  • Do not get excited while calling the fire brigade.

 


D. Rescue in an Air Raid

Do's

  • Keep calm
  • Make proper reconnaissance before starting rescue work
  • Keep as near as possible to the wall when on damaged stairs.
  • Exercise great care while removing debris_ from he vicinity of the casualty.
  • Protect the casualty from falling debris and dust with the help of iron sheets, tarpaulins etc.
  • Free the nose and mouth of the casualty from dust and grit to ease his breathing
  • Reassure the patient and get him taken home to bed, if the casualty is not severe.
  • Loosen all clothing and keep the patient lying down and warm.
  • Give artificial respiration if needed; control bleeding if any, as far as possible; relieve pain to casualty by supporting fractures by improvised splints.
  • Contact immediately the nearest First Aid Post for proper medical attendance for the casualty

Don'ts

  • Don’t get panicky
  • Don't pull timber out of the wreckage indiscriminately or you may cause further collapse.
  • Don't touch loose electric wiring.
  • Don't crawl over the debris or disturb part of the damaged structure unless you are compelled to do so by circumstances.

Precautions during Blackout

(I) Action taken by the General Public. during air raid warnings:

During Air Raid Warning Signals denoting "Air Raid" and "Raiders Passed" is given to general public. The warning signals are:

(i) Two minutes warbling note, or intermittent blast, on Sirens or hooters will denote Air Raid Signal are :-
(ii) Two minutes continuous hooting will denote all clear "Raiders passed". The general public should immediately on receipt of Air Raid Signal take shelter in the trenches, ditches, refuge rooms as per the instructions given by the Civil Defence authorities.
Do not get panic.

(II) Lighting Restrictions:
Lights in and on buildings or open ground.
No light shall be used in any building or premises appurtenant thereto, unless it is so placed or so screened by opaque material, that:
i) No ray, direct from source of light, or reflected from a bright surface, is visible outside the roofed portion of the building.
ii) No glare is thrown towards outside the building or any part of it.
iii) The total light reaching the outside of the building in any place is not greater than that thrown on the ground by a 20watt. bulb at a distance of 20 feet.

(III) Street light and public light:
i) All public lighting shall be reduced to a minimum, compatible with Public safety, to the satisfaction of an officer appointed by the Distt. Magistrate in this behalf.
ii) No direct ray from a street lamps, shall be emitted except at
a downward slope.
iii) Light thrown on the ground shall not be greater than that from a 20 watt blub at a distance of 20 feet or an ordinary Hurricane lantern at a distance of 6 feet.

(VI) Light on vehicle :
(a) Motor vehicles: All lights capable of throwing a beam, carried on a motor vehicle shall be screened by one of the following methods:

i) By pasting brown paper over the glass, one thickness on the lower half, and two thickness on the upper half.
ii) By inserting behind the glass a cardboard disc covering the whole area, with a horizontal slit 118" wide, half an inch below the centre of the bulb and the reflector should be screened by a white cone of paper placed so that no light is reflected by the reflector itself
iii) By using a standard headlamp mask, complying with the specifications obtainable free from the District Magistrate.

(b) Other vehicles: Candle lamps and oil lamps as usually used on carts, and of less power than an ordinary hurricane may be un-shaded. Hurricane lamps will be painted black or blue down to the level of the flame. No white light will be visible at the rear of the vehicle. No light of greater power than that mentioned above shall be used.

(c) Bicycles: All lamps will be screened by one thickness of dry brown paper pasted over the glass.