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Re-union Seminar of IPS Officers of 1985 Batch (38 RR) conducted on “Specialization in Police Functioning-Need and Strategies” at SVP National Police Academy Hyderabad on July Ist and 2nd, 2010. Two officers namely Shri Ram Lubhaya, IPS and Shri S.Gopal Reddy, IPS of 1985 batch participated in the Seminar from the State of J&K.


Specialization is the process by which tasks within an occupational area (policing) are divided amongst the constituent members of segments of the profession, materials and people are grouped together to perform various specific tasks.

Initially this process of 'Departmentation', as it is called, serves to maximize overall organizational efficiency although disadvantages may emerge over time.

Specialization gives rise to:- Professionalism, organizational efficiency, competition and conflict between specialized units, breakdown in communication, even job dissatisfaction among workers in the units.


Specialists within an organisation like the police force may be distinguished from their more generalist colleagues, primarily by the job characteristic - task identity. In other words, police officers concerned only with the investigation of crime are carrying out one aspect of the work performed by all police.

Officers who specialize are able to observe a visible outcome, to assume 'ownership' of their labours, while those like general duties officers, who are generally only one link in the chain of events surrounding the law enforcement process, may not be privy to the outcome.

On this basis, it can be hypothesized that differences between specialist and generalist police on job satisfaction may emerge as a result of differences in their job characteristics. In other words specialization of duties may foster the development of greater task identity and, possibly, autonomy.

Since motivating potential of a job is determined by such factors, this may result in greater motivating potential residing in the police duties performed by Crime Investigation Branch officers, in comparison to those performed by general duties police.

Jobs that provide more motivation will also impact upon organisational commitment, although the strength of the relationship should be less than that between job characteristics and satisfaction. This is because organisational commitment is a global measure, concerned with the strength of an individual’s identification with, and involvement in, the organisation.

Specialist policing is more motivating, officers should report a desire to move to such sections of the organisation


Investigation, Intelligence gathering, Traffic management/enforcement, VIP Security, L&O Bandobust, Security( coastal security, airport security, vital instalation etc.),HR Management, Communication ( IT,Wireless/Radio,Cryptography).


Investigation and Intelligence gathering in terror crimes, International and inter-state dimensions, Patronage from the rogue states – state & non state actors, circumstantial evidence, at times is very important, How to deal with the ‘foreign terrorists’ with existing criminal justice system, Technology in investigation and intelligence, Human Trafficking, Terrorist Financing, Organised Crime, Economic

Crimes, Wildlife Crimes, Corporate Frauds, Cyber Crime and Cyber Forensics, Cyber Warfare, Cyber Terrorism, Crime pertaining to Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs), Crime pertaining with Weapon of Mass Destruction (WMDs), Aviation Security and Naval (maritime) security, Vital Installation Security Management, Criminal and Forensic psychology.


If policing is to be effective in the years ahead, specialisation is crucial. Three distinct police services with separate recruitment and training are suggested: (1) Regulatory police or uniformed police in charge of law and order and other regulatory duties; (2) Mainstay police in charge of crime investigation and prevention and security and intelligence operation; (3) Social police in charge of prevention and investigation of all social offences and implementation of social legislation.



Sh.S.Gopal Reddy, IPS, IGP HG/CD & Aux. Police J&K.

Shri Sama Gopal Reddy joined Indian Police service in the year 1985 and was allotted Jammu & Kashmir cadre. In the year 2009 he was posted as IGP HG/CD & Aux. Police J&K. By dint of his hard work and efficiency, the Civil Defence organisation became the social face of J&K Police especially in Civil Defence Towns among the general public. It is because of his motivation that large number of civilians joined Civil Defence. He managed to organise large number of training and awareness camps in Civil Defence Towns. The officer also introduced 12 months Awareness Programme in all Civil Defence Towns of J&K State, resulting large number of civilians including school children were made aware about the precautionary measures to be taken during any disaster.

In recognition of his commendable job Sh.S.Gopal Reddy, IPS, IGP, HG/CD & Aux. Police J&K has been awarded “Sher-I-Kashmir Police Medal for Meritorious Service” on the eve of Independence Day – 2010.



Sh.P.R.Manhas, IPS DIG HG/CD & Aux. Police Jammu alongwith Civil Defence officer/ wardens & Staff of College during a plantation drive held a R.M.College of Educattion at Jammu

Civil Defence Jammu organised one day plantation drive at R.M.College of Education Chawadi Sainik Colony Jammu on 10-08-2010 under the close command and supervision of Sh.Khalil-Ur-Rehman, Dy.SP, Dy.Controller Civil Defence Jammu. On this occasion Sh.P.R.Manhas, IPS DIG HG/CD & Aux. Police Jammu was the Chief Guest. In the plantation drive the chief guest Sh.P.R.Manhas, IPS planted the saplings, thereafter all the officers/wardens and college management of R.M.College also planted the sapling of various trees.

The main aim of this plantation drive was to maintain greenery in the Civil Defence Town Jammu and aware the people about the uses of the plants in human life.



Civil Defence/Homeguards & Aux. Police J&K is rendered yeoman service during the performance of Annual Amarnath Ji Yatra with dedication and devotion under the command and supervision of Sh.S.Gopal Reddy, IPS IGP HG/CD & Aux. Police J&K. Civil Defence J&K established the camps at Nunwan Pahalgam, Chandanwari, Baltal, Manigam, Samba, Jammu, Udhampur, Ramban, Batote, Kathua for the assistance of yatris w.e.f. 01-07-2010. During the Yatra, the services of SDRF personnel,

Civil Defence Wardens/Volunteers and Homeguards Volunteers were utilised. The services of these volunteers were also utilised at Railway Stations, Bus Stands, Air Ports, Tourist Reception centres of various Civil Defence Towns J&K to assist the pilgrims during Yatra. These camps have been facilitated with first aid, thermocoal, oxygen cylinder, Blankets and ambulance lift to meet any eventuality during yatra.



A view of Civil Defence wardens/ volunteers contingent participated during Independence day parade at Jammu

During celebration of 63rd Independence day, Civil Defence wardens/ volunteers of various CD Towns of J&K were deployed in their respective towns to assist the Police in frisking / checking.



On 13-07-2010, Civil Defence Sunderbani organised one day Civil Defence awareness camp at Govt. Girls Higher Secondary School Sunderbani. On the occasion Sh.Navneet Gupta, Dy.Post Warden delivered the lecture about protection against the warfare. Smt.Bimla Pathania, Dy.Divisional warden also briefed the participants about Do’s & Don’t for prevention /protection against Chemical warfare. About 100 students/ RT teachers/staff members participated in the camp.



Civil Defence Samba organised five days CD Basic Training Course at PTTI Vijaypur w.e.f. 26-8-2010. During the training camp about 300 Recruit constables of J&K Police participated and were imparted CD training in various Civil Defence skills i.e. first aid, fire fighting and rescue operation. A team of SDRF personnel alongwith Civil Defence instructors were also deputed for imparting training to the recruit constable more effective.



  • On 01-7-2010, Civil Defence awareness camp on Chemical warfare was organised by Civil Defence Samba at Chichi Mata. About 600 male/female devotees of Shri Amar Nath Ji Yatra participated in the programme and were briefed about the Chemical warfare. Under the supervision of Sh.Parveen Singh, Dy.SP Dy.Controller Civil Defence Samba, SDRF personnel / CD wardens and volunteers alongwith CD Ambulance have also installed a Civil Defence camp at Chichi Mata Samba to facilitate the devotees of Sh.Amar Nath Ji Yatra.
  • On 18-7-2010, Civil Defence Doda fished out the dead body of a young boy who drowned in Neru Nala at Shahpora Pranoo with the help of their expert divers and wardens service under the supervision of Dy.Controller Civil Defence Doda.
  • On 18-7-2010, an accident took place between passenger bus and truck at Chann-Arrorian Kathua. Civil Defence rescue team alongwith SDRF personnel under the supervision of Sh.Mohd Aslam, Dy.SP, Dy.Controller Civil Defence Kathua reached on the spot and launched rescue operation. All injured person were shifted to District Hospital Kathua.
  • On 22-07-2010, Due to heavy rainfall, the river Ujh over flooded and some persons were trapped in the river, Civil Defence Kathua deputed CD rescue team alongwith Civil Defence ambulance towards village Pandorian near Nagri Kathua for launching rescue operation.
  • On 22-07-2010, information was received through PCR Samba that some civilians mostly children were trapped in flood water at Ghagwal Nalha. Civil Defence team alongwith SDRF personnel camping at Chichi Mata reached on the spot rescued the trapped children.
  • On 25-07-2010, an accident held between Truck No.PB05/6189 and Maruti Car No.JK02X/10425 at Chichi Mata. Civil Defence rescue team alongwith SDRF personnel reached on spot and started rescue operation. Two injured person namely Smt.Anju Gupta W/O Gopal Gupal and Sh.Kanab Gupta S/O Gopal Gupta of Udhampur were shifted to District Hospital Samba in Civil Defence Ambulance.
  • During recent cloud burst/ flash flood at Leh, Civil Defence volunteers alongwith other agencies participated in rescue operation to recover the dead bodies and trace out the trapped persons.
  • Sh.Bodh Raj, Dy.SP Dy.Controller CD Udhampur alongwith Civil Defence wardens/ volunteers sapling plants during plantation drive in Udhampur Town
    On 26-07-2010, Civil Defence Udhampur with the collaboration District Police Udhampur & Social Forestry Department launched plantation drive in the Udhampur Town. During the plantation drive about 6000 sapling of plants have been planted in Govt. Colleges for Boys/Women, P.G.Degree College at Udhampur and around the Udhampur Town.
  • On 29-7-2010, one day Civil Defence awareness camp on chemical warfare was organised at St.Joseph Convent School Rajouri. On this occasion Sh.Shakeel-ul-Rehman Bhat, Dy.SP DAR Rajouri cum Incharge Dy.Controller Civil Defence Rajouri delivered lecture on chemical warfare. About 180 students/staff members participated in the camp and were briefed about the chemical warfare and role of Civil Defence.
  • Sh.Shakeel-ul-Rehman Bhat, Dy.SP, I/C Dy.Controller Civil Defence Rajouri addressing students during awareness camp at St.Joseph School Rajouri
    On 30-7-2010, Civil Defence Samba organised one day awareness camp on Chemical warfare at National High School Samba. About 500 students alongwith staff members participated in the awareness camp and were briefed about the Do’s & Don’t during Chemical warfare.
  • On 31-07-2010, Civil Defence Nowshera organised one day Civil Defence awareness camp on chemical warfare at Govt. High School Dabbar Nowshera. On the occasion Sh.R.P.Damral, Dy.Divisional Warden delivered the lecture and made the
    participants to understand how to protect ourselves during such warfare. About 192 students / staff members participated in the camp.
  • On 06-08-2010, A bus fell down in the stream at Kanara while going from Nowshera to Lam. Civil Defence rescue team reached on the spot and launched rescue operation.
  • On 06-08-2010, one day Civil Defence awareness programme was organised at Shiksha Niketan High School Gandhi Nagar Jammu. About 650 student / staff members participated in the camp and were briefed about the first aid/fire fighting and role of Civil Defence during disaster. Similar type of camp was organised at Sewa Bharti Amphalla on 07-08-2010 in which about 140 students/staff members participated.
  • On 07-08-2010, Civil Defence Udhampur organised one day workshop on “Steps for minimising Road accidents”. Presidents of various Transport Unions and local populace participated in the camp.
  • On 09-8-2010, Civil Defence Samba organised an awareness camp on Air Raid at Govt. Middle School Phangdour. During the camp about 180 students/ staff members participated in the camp.
  • On 10-08-2010, Civil Defence team under the supervision of Sh.Bodh Raj, Dy.SP, Dy.Controller Civil Defence Udhampur reached at Indian Air Force Base Station Udhampur to receive the victims of cloud burst at Leh and shifted them to Hospital for further treatment.
  • On 11/8/2010, Civil Defence wardens meeting was held at DPL Doda under the chairmanship of Sh.Prabhat Singh, SSP Doda. During meeting SSP Doda appreciated the role of CD wardens/ volunteers during Diasters and road accidents. He requested warden service to come forward to assist the Police in maintaining peace and communal harmony during celebration of Independence day.
  • On 12-8-2010, Civil Defence Doda conducted a flood rescue operation at Pul Doda. During the rescue operation property of a local shop and a stranded vehicle were rescued from flood by the Civil Defence wardens/ volunteers (QRT) Doda.
  • On 17-08-2010, a fire incident took place at Thathri Doda. Civil Defence rescue team under the supervision of Sh.Sunil Raj, Dy.SP, Incharge Dy.Controller CD Doda reached on the spot. During the operation precious Human Lives and property were saved.
  • On 18-08-2010, Civil Defence Kathua organised awareness camp on Air Raid at Govt. Women College Kathua in which about 200 students / staff members participated. CD warden service delivered lectures on the topic ‘Air Raids’ and briefed about the Do’s & Don’ts on the subject.
  • On 20-8-2010, Civil Defence Jammu organised one day awareness camp on First Aid at Red Cross Society Kacchi Chowni Jammu. During the camp volunteers / staff of Red Cross Society were made aware about the first aid and rescue techniques during disaster.
  • On 23-8-2010, Civil Defence Jammu organised one day awareness camp on first aid / fire fighting was orgnaised at NCC camp Nagrota. The main aim of the camp was to facilitate the students and teaching staff with regard to preventive measures for unexpected devastating fire.
  • On 28-8-2010, School Bus of New National Public High School Nowshera met with an accident at Narion Chowki. Civil Defence Nowshera rescue team reached on the spot and launched rescue operation. The injured persons were shifted to District Hospital for further treatment.
  • On 31-08-2010, Civil Defence Doda organised an awareness-cum-debate camp at Sari Bazaar of Bhaderwah to apprise local populace about the diarrhea epidemic. The main aim of camp was to aware the general public for taking necessary precautionary measures to avoid any causality.
  • On 31-08-2010, One day Civil Defence awareness camp organised at Govt. Women College Kathua in which Dy.Commissioner cum Controller Civil Defence Kathua was the Chief Guest. Dy.Controller CD Kathua delivered lecture on topic Air-Raids and suggested Do’s and Don’ts to be observed during Air Raids. About 250 students / staff and Civil Defence Wardens service participated in the camp. On this occasion, Civil Defence Training certificates alongwith pocket money were also distributed among the trained students of the college.


Civil Defence instructors imparted CD awareness-cum-training among the Security guards of Govt. Medical College Bakshi Nagar
Sh.Alok Nanda, Dy.Divisional Warden CD Jammu briefed the participant during an awareness camp at Red Cross Society Jammu


Civil Defence Doda distributed CD training certificates among the volunteers who attended 05 days CD Basic Training camp w.e.f. 20-3-2010 to 24-3-2010 at Pranoo Doda
Sh.P.R.Manhas, IPS DIG HG/CD & Aux. Police Jammu addressing the media person during plantation drive at R.M. College of Education Jammu


A view of Auxiliary Police 2nd Bn. and Civil Defence contingents during Independence day parade held at Parade ground Jammu


A view of Civil Defence wardens/ volunteers during performing Shri Amarnath Ji Yatra duty at Jammu
Sh.Parveen Singh, Dy.SP, Dy.Controller CD Samba briefed the recruit constables during a Civil Defence awareness cum training camp organised at PTTI Vijaypur


Civil Defence Jammu organised awareness-cum-training camp at NCC camp Nagrota w.e.f. 19-7-2010 to 20-7-2010
Sh.Bodh Raj, Dy.SP, Dy.Controller CD Udhampur alongwith Civil Defence wardens/ volunteers shifting the victims of cloud burst Leh to Hospital at Udhampur


Patron Shri S. Gopal Reddy, IPS, Inspector General of Homeguards,Civil Defence & Auxiliary Police J&K
Editor Sh.P.R. Manhas, IPS, Deputy Inspector General of Homeguards, Civil Defence & Auxiliary Police Jammu
Editorial Board Sh.Tilak Raj, SSP, Sh. Abdul Gani Choudhary, SP, Sh.Khalil-ul-Rehman,Dy.SP, Sheikh Yunis Ahmed, Insp(S), Sh.Chaman Lal Bhat, ASI(M)